Details

A CMOS front end for high linearity zero-IF WCDMA receiver

by 1968- Alam, Shaikh Md.

Abstract (Summary)
This dissertation presents a single mode direct conversion receiver architecture and the corresponding CMOS front-end for low power consumption, small form factor, low noise figure and high linearity wide band code division multiple access (WCDMA) receiver in a TSMC 0.18-┬Ám process. The front end comprises a novel differential low noise amplifier (LNA) and a novel down-conversion mixer. One of the major advantages of differential LNAs is that they are much less susceptible to common mode injected noise such as substrate noise. This is a very important issue in cases where the LNA is to be integrated with digital circuits that may generate in-band noise and interference. Also the leakage problem, where signals such as the LO couples to the antenna through the LNA input port, may be greatly alleviated by use of differential circuits. The proposed LNA has dual gain mode; low gain mode (LGM) and high gain mode (HGM). The variable gain LNA reduces the dynamic range requirement for the succeeding stages and also reduces the required gain of the baseband filter (BBF). The proposed down-conversion I/Q mixer structure is chosen to be a differential double balanced mixer for its inherited insensitivity to LO-IF isolation. It also suppresses common-mode substrate noise and interference. Also, this proposed topology reduces the power by up to 50 percent compared to a conventional down-conversion mixer. The undesired bondwire and ii package parasitics such as capacitors, inductors, and resistors are taken into account during the schematic design and layout. These undesired parasitics may affect the gain response and input impedance matching of the LNA and the gain and phase mismatch of the mixer. The proposed RF front-end is simulated with the Cadence SpectreRF simulator. Although it shows the degradation of the gain and the input impedance to some extent, the proposed front-end shows high linearity, low noise figure, very low corner frequency in the flicker noise, negligible gain mismatch and low power dissipation at 2 GHz frequency band. iii I would like to dedicate this work to my family iv
Bibliographical Information:

Advisor:

School:The Ohio State University

School Location:USA - Ohio

Source Type:Master's Thesis

Keywords:radio frequency modulation metal oxide semiconductors complementary differential amplifiers mixing circuits

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