Blind Adaptive MIMO-CDMA Receiver with Constant Modulus Criterion in Multipath Channels
In recent years, demands on all kinds of wireless communications become heavier due to the developments of new services and devices. At the same time, future wireless networks are expected to provide services with high quality and data rate. A possible solution which can attain these objectives is wireless communication systems that use multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) antennas along with Alamouti¡¦s space-time block code and direct-sequence code division multiple access (DS-CDMA) modulation technique. In such systems, spatial diversity rendered by multiple antennas as well as coding in spatial and time domains are the keys to improve quality of transmission. Many multiuser detection techniques for the space-time block coded CDMA systems have been investigated. In , the blind Capon receiver was proposed, which consists of a two-branch filterbank followed by the blind Capon channel estimator. The design of blind Capon receiver is based on linearly constrained minimum variance (LCMV) criterion, which is known to be sensitive to inaccuracies in the acquisition or tracking of the desired user's timing, referred to as mismatch effect. In other words, the LCMV-based receiver may perform undesirably under mismatch effect.
In this thesis, we propose a new blind adaptive MIMO-CDMA receiver based on the linearly constrained constant modulus (LCCM) criterion. This work is motivated by the robustness of LCCM approach to the mismatch effect. To reduce the complexity of receiver design, framework of the generalized sidelobe canceller (GSC) associated with the recursive least squares (RLS) algorithm is adopted for implementing the adaptive LCCM MIMO-CDMA filterbank. Based on the GSC-RLS structure, we derive the proposed MIMO CM-GSC-RLS algorithm. For the purpose of comparison, an adaptive implementation of the blind Capon receiver proposed in  is also derived, which is referred to as the MIMO MV-GSC-RLS algorithm. We note that the signal model in  was constructed under assumption of frequency-flat channels. To obtain a more practical and realistic signal model, in this thesis we extend the system and channel model by including multipath effects in the beginning of our work. In completing this extension, inter-symbol interference (ISI) caused by the special coding scheme of ST-BC will be specifically analyzed. Finally, a full discussion of the multipath signal model will be provided, including necessity of truncating the received signals as well as modifications in the signal model when considering time-varying channels.
Via computer simulations, advantages of the proposed scheme will be verified. Compared to the conventional blind Capon receiver, we will show that the performance of the proposed CM-GSC-RLS algorithm is better. This is especially true when mismatch problem is considered in the MIMO-CDMA systems of interest. The proposed scheme show more robustness against the mismatch effects than the conventional blind Capon receiver. Moreover, the benefit resulted by truncating the received signals is also demonstrated, especially for binary phase-shift-keying (BPSK) modulated source symbol. Finally, simulations considering time-varying channels are provided to reveal that our proposed scheme can adapt itself to the time-varying environments appropriately.
Advisor:Hsin-Hsyong Yang; Chin-Der Wann; Miin-Jong Hao; Shiunn-Jang Chern; Gin-Kou Ma
School:National Sun Yat-Sen University
School Location:China - Taiwan
Source Type:Master's Thesis
Keywords:rls algorithm constrained optimization generalized sidelobe canceller blind capon receiver lccm mimo cdma system
Date of Publication:07/23/2008