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Biodegradation of tetracyanonickelate (TCN) by Klebsiella oxytoca

by Lin, Chih-Chieh

Abstract (Summary)
The cyanide-degrading bacterium Klebsiella oxytoca SYSU-011 was isolated from the waste water of a metal-plating plant. In this study, we found out that K. oxytoca was capable of utilizing tetracyanonickelate {K2[Ni(CN)4]}(TCN) as its sole nitrogen source. This organism could degrade TCN both aerobically (D.O.¡×100¢H) and anaerobically (D.O.¡×0¢H).The addition of ammonia (5 mM) in the growth medium would inhibit TCN-degrading. The TCN-degrading by-product, a greenish precipitate, was found in the spent medium and was identified as nickel cyanide [Ni(CN)2] by FT-IR spectroscopic studies. Ammonia was demonstrated as a product of the TCN-degrading process by K. oxytoca resting cells. The addition of glucose could greatly enhance the TCN-degradation. Nitrogenase was found to be the cyanide degrading enzyme in this organism. The activity of nitrogenase was inhibited by ammonia but could be induced by the addition of TCN or KCN.
Bibliographical Information:

Advisor:Jimmy C. M. Kao; Chan-Shing Lin; Jong-Kang Liu; Ssu-Ching Chen

School:National Sun Yat-Sen University

School Location:China - Taiwan

Source Type:Master's Thesis

Keywords:klebsiella oxytoca nitrogenase biodegradation tcn tetracyanonickelate

ISBN:

Date of Publication:09/17/2001

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