Biochemical and physical factors affecting color characteristics of selected bovine muscles
muscles, M. trapezius, M. gluteus medius, and M. latissimus dorsi were grouped as "intermediate" color stability muscles, M. triceps brachi - long head, M. biceps femoris,
M. pectoralis profundus, M. adductor, M. triceps brachi - lateral head, and M. serratus ventralis were grouped as "low" color stability muscles, and M. supraspinatus, M. infraspinatus, and M. psoas major were grouped as "very low" color stability muscles. Generally, muscles of high color stability had high resistance to induced metmyoglobin formation, nitric oxide reducing ability, and oxygen penetration depth and possessed low oxygen consumption rates, myoglobin content, and oxidative rancidity. In contrast, muscles of low color stability had high metmyoglobin reductase activity, oxygen consumption rates, myoglobin content, and oxidative rancidity and low resistance to induced metmyoglobin formation, nitric oxide metmyoglobin reducing ability, and oxygen penetration depth. Data indicate that discoloration differences between muscles are related to the amount of reducing activity relative to the oxygen consumption rate.
Advisor:Savell, Jeff W.; Smith, Stephen B.; Lineberger, R. Dan; Hale, Dan S.; Carpenter, Zerle L.
School:Texas A&M University
School Location:USA - Texas
Source Type:Master's Thesis
Keywords:beef color reducing activity oxygen consumption
Date of Publication:12/01/2003