Details

Binge eating antecedents among female college students an ecological momentary assessment study /

by Rydin-Gray, Sofia.

Abstract (Summary)
Robert A. Carels, Ph.D., Advisor Using ecological momentary assessment with female binge eaters, this investigation compared binge eating episodes, regular meals, and non-eating episodes (i.e., random prompts) on mood, dietary restraint, stress, and body dissatisfaction. This study also examined whether binge episodes were greater in total calories than regular meals and whether weight status or size of a binge were associated with the psychological antecedents. It was hypothesized that participants would report greater depression, dietary restraint, stress, and body dissatisfaction immediately prior to binge episodes compared to regular meals and random prompts. Also, it was hypothesized that binges would contain greater calories than regular meals and that overweight/obese bingers would report larger binges than normal weight bingers. Eighteen normal weight and 20 overweight/obese female college students meeting the criteria for binge eating disorder or subthreshold binge eating disorder participated in this study. They completed a 3-day food diary and an 11-day binge eating diary. Participants recorded mood, dietary restraint, stress, and body dissatisfaction in response to binges, regular meals, and random prompts for two weeks. Generalized estimating equations (GEE) examined the differences among binge episodes, regular meals, and random prompts on the psychological antecedents. GEE also examined the association between weight status and psychological antecedents during binge episodes, regular meals, and random prompts as well as the association between calorie content of the binge and psychological antecedents. Results showed that depression, stress, and body dissatisfaction were greater prior to binge episodes than regular meals and random prompts. Dietary restraint was iii greater prior to binge episodes than regular meals. Being normal weight was associated with greater dietary restraint prior to binge episodes. Binge episodes also contained greater caloric totals than regular meals; however binges with greater caloric intake were not preceded by greater depression, dietary restraint, stress, and body dissatisfaction. The caloric total of a binge eating episode did not differ between overweight/obese and normal weight bingers. Interventions that help participants increase their understanding of binge antecedents as well as teach coping strategies to reduce high risk situations are likely to be successful at helping binge eaters reduce the occurrence of binge eating episodes. Also, due to the increased prevalence rates of overweight and obesity, and the prevalence of binge eating among these groups, weight management will be an essential component for binge eating interventions. Future studies could examine more closely how dietary restraint differs between normal weight and overweight/obese binge eaters. iv To my husband, Brian, for inspiring me to keep writing, and to my son, William, for inspiring me to finish! v
Bibliographical Information:

Advisor:

School:Bowling Green State University

School Location:USA - Ohio

Source Type:Master's Thesis

Keywords:compulsive eating women college students

ISBN:

Date of Publication:

© 2009 OpenThesis.org. All Rights Reserved.