Bedeutung der Alloantigen-unabhängigen Faktoren in der Frühphase nach tierexperimenteller Nierentransplantation
Organ damage due to long cold preservation is associated with delayed graft function and has important effects on graft survival. Aim of this study was to determine the impact of ischemia-reperfusion (IR) injury compared to antigen-specific mechanisms and the effect of prolonged cold ischemia on intragraft injury and antigenicity during the early phase post transplantation. Rat renal grafts were four-hours cold-preserved, transplanted to syngeneic (Lew/Lew) or allogeneic recipients (F344/Lew) and harvested at 8 different time points after transplantation for further investigation of functional, immunhistochemical and histologic changes. In five additional syngen groups organs were cold preserved from 2 hours to 48 hours and harvested after 24 hours post transplantation. No significant differences in renal function, morphologic changes, cellular infiltration and expression of adhesion molecules occurred between syngeneic and allogeneic groups within the first 7 days. Initial functional impairment was accompanied by the influx of neutrophils and monocytes/macrophages together with morphologic changes reflecting acute tubular necrosis (ATN). Increasing infiltration of monocytes/macrophages paralleled functional and morphologic regeneration. Extravasation of neutrophils was mediated mainly by interaction of ICAM-1/LFA-1 and infiltration of monocytes/macrophages by VCAM-1/VLA-4. Treatment with the standard dose of Cyclosporin A (CsA) lead to a significant decrease of ED1-positive macrophage infiltration 10 days post NTx but the portion of ED2-positive macrophage subtype was not affected. Prolonged cold organ preservation lead to more severe vascular damage indicated by decreased color intensity and continuity of PECAM-1 staining on endothelial cells. Higher staining intensity for Tissue Factor (TF) on endothelium and infiltrating leukocytes implicated enhanced intragraft procoagulant capacity and alternative adhesion mechanisms. These results show that within the first 10 days post transplantation phases of tissue injury and repair after ischemia-reperfusion are largely independent of the immunologic background and monocytes/macrophages play an important role as mediators during these processes.
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School:Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin
Source Type:Master's Thesis
solid organ transplantation
Date of Publication:04/22/2005