Beamforming for MC-CDMA
Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing (OFDM) has recently gained a lot of attention and is a potential candidate for Fourth Generation (4G) wireless systems because it promises data rates up to 10Mbps. A variation of OFDM is Multi-Carrier CDMA (MC-CDMA) which is an OFDM technique where the individual data symbols are spread using a spreading code in the frequency domain. The spreading code associated with MC-CDMA provides multiple access technique as well as interference suppression.
Often times in cellular and military environments the desired signal can be buried below interference. In such conditions, the processing gain associated with the spreading cannot provide the needed interference suppression. This research work investigates multi-antenna receivers for OFDM and MC-CDMA systems; specifically this works investigates adaptive antenna algorithms for MC-CDMA for very different channel conditions. Frequency domain beamforming is studied in this research predominantly through simulation. As an alternative a time domain beamforming is also studied.
Time variations in the channel can disrupt the orthogonality between subcarriers. Minimum Mean Square Error (MMSE) detection coupled with MMSE beamforming is proposed for time varying channels. Semi-analytic results are derived to study the Bit Error Rate (BER) performance. These results show significant performance improvement in the presence of interference. Joint MMSE weights in space and frequency is also investigated and semi-analytic results are derived to study their BER performance.
Advisor:R. Michael Buehrer; Jeffrey H. Reed; Brian D. Woerner
School:Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University
School Location:USA - Virginia
Source Type:Master's Thesis
Keywords:electrical and computer engineering
Date of Publication:03/10/2003