Automated object-based change detection for forest monitoring by satellite remote sensing : applications in temperate and tropical regions
This thesis aims at developing and evaluating an automated object-based change detection method dedicated to high spatial resolution satellite images for identifying and mapping forest cover changes in different ecosystems. This research characterized the spectral reflectance dynamics of temperate forest stand cycle and found the use of several spectral bands better for the detection of forest cover changes than with any single band or vegetation index over different time periods. Combining multi-date image segmentation, image differencing and a dedicated statistical procedure of multivariate iterative trimming, an automated change detection algorithm was developed. This process has been further generalized in order to automatically derive an up-to-date forest mask and detect various deforestation patterns in tropical environment.
Forest cover changes were detected with very high performances (>90 %) using 3 SPOT-HRVIR images over temperate forests. Furthermore, the overall results were better than for a pixel-based method. Overall accuracies ranging from 79 to 87% were achieved using SPOT-HRVIR and Landsat ETM imagery for identifying deforestation for two different case studies in the Virunga National Park (DRCongo). Last but not least, a new multi-scale mapping solution has been designed to represent change processes using spatially-explicit maps, i.e. deforestation rate maps. By successfully applying these complementary conceptual developments, a significant step has been done toward an operational system for monitoring forest in various ecosystems.
Source Type:Master's Thesis
Keywords:change detection algorithm object based image analysis geomatics forest mapping multitemporal segmentation
Date of Publication:05/30/2007