Autolytische Salmonellen als Vektoren für die orale genetische Vakzinierung
The development of an effective mucosal DNA vaccine against infectious diseases or tumors based on invasive attenuated bacteria is a very promising alternative to common parenteral routes of genetic vaccination. This work aimed at the optimization of Salmonella vaccine strains for the oral delivery of an eukaryotic expression plasmid encoding the small Hepatitis B Virus surface antigen (HBsAg), here used as model antigen. The continuous secretion of plasmids as filamentous phage particles was first tested as a mean for the delivery of the DNA vaccine by living bacteria inside infected host cells. However, Salmonella-mediated phage secretion inside cells did not suffice for the induction of transgene expression. As alternative approach, inducible spontanous lysis of bacteria was used to mediate the release of plasmid DNA into host cells. For this purpose a novel bacterial autolytic system was established on the basis of a two-phase expression system and lysis determinants derived from bacteriophages. This system allows for the first time the continuous release of plasmid DNA and proteins from only few lysing Salmonella within an otherwise healthy bacterial population. Inside COS7 cells the release of the pore-forming protein listeriolysin O by autolytic Salmonella mediates the destruction of the Salmonella-harbouring vacuole, thereby facilitating the transfer of plasmid DNA from bacteria into the host cell cytoplasm. The lysis determinant was combined with the eukaryotic expression cassette for HBsAg on one plasmid. In addition, a cassette for the constitutive expression of TmHU, a histon-like protein derived from Thermotoga maritima, was integrated in such vector. TmHU stabilizes the plasmid propagation in the absence of selective pressure and has the potential to increase the efficiency of plasmid translocation inside the host cell. The oral administration of the optimized autolytic bacteria stimulated a potent HBsAg-specific antibody response as well as a cytotoxic cellular response. Already a single inoculation of the oral vaccine induced a higher specific antibody response than the conventional intramuscular DNA vaccine. Therefore the concept of autolytic Salmonella carrier strains developed in this work constitutes a novel efficient strategy for mucosal DNA delivery. The transfer of this concept to other bacterial carriers is possible and may widen the application field for bacterial vectors.
Document Full Text
School:Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin
Source Type:Master's Thesis
Keywords:Autolyse Filamentöse Bakteriophagen Listeriolysin O Plasmid-DNA-Transfer TmHU attenuated Salmonella autolysis filamentous bacteriophage listeriolysin oral DNA vaccine plasmid transfer two-phase expression system WF 7500
Date of Publication:11/27/2003