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Attribution of ability and effort under competitive and individualistic goal structures

by Ng, Sun-sun

Abstract (Summary)
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Abstract of thesis entitled

ATTRIBUTION OF ABILITY AND EFFORT UNDER COMPETITIVE AND INDIVIDUALISTIC GOAL STRUCTURES

Submitted by N1 (' t S u n Sun, M a r ┬Ła r e t for the degree of Master of Social Science: in Educational Psycho lofty

Department of Psychology University of Hong Kong August, L987 The main purpose of the present study is to find out the attributions of students under different goal structures. The two goal structures under study were competitive goal structure and individualistic goal structure. Attributions studied were ability and effort attributions. Researches in other places have found that children made more ability attributions under competitive goal structure and more effort attributions under individualistic goal structure. Would the students in Hong Kong exhibit a similar pattern of attribution? Moreover, besides studying the attributions made under experimental situation, attribution of students for their performance outcomes in their school exnmination were also examined. Results showed that the performance level of the student, instead of the goal structure, had a more significant impact on the attribution of students. in an experiinantal situation, high performers attributed more to both ability and effort while low performers did not consider these two factors as contributing much to the outcome. In the real-life examination situation, high performers made more effort attributions while low performers made more ability attributions. There was a difference in attribution between the high and low performers as well as discrepancy between findings from a.n experimental situation and a real-life ego-involved situation. The results were discussed in terms of the cultural influence and implications of the findings were discussed with relevance J.o eduog tinn .

Bibliographical Information:

Advisor:

School:The University of Hong Kong

School Location:China - Hong Kong SAR

Source Type:Master's Thesis

Keywords:learnign ability

ISBN:

Date of Publication:01/01/1987

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