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Associations among self-reported disordered eating behavior, nutrient intake, depression, and self-efficacy among college students

by Paul, Bernadette Coleen.

Abstract (Summary)
Julian H. Williford Jr., Advisor Eating Disorders on college campuses are increasing. The purpose of this study was to identify the prevalence of disordered eating behaviors among college students. The sample consisted of 201 volunteer students who were enrolled in an introductory nutrition course during the Fall of 2005 and the Spring of 2006. This nutrition course is required for all health-related majors. Identification of disordered eating was based on scores from self-reported EAT-26 questionnaires (EAT-26). Also administered were the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI), General Self Efficacy Scale (GSE), and a questionnaire that provided demographic information. Potential inadequate nutrient intake of total calories, folate, iron and calcium were calculated by the Diet Analysis Plus 6.0 program from subject’s self-reported five-day food records. Disordered eating patterns were identified with a positive EAT-26 score of ? 20. A significant number of students scored positively on the EAT-26, and female students had a higher percentage of inadequate intakes than the male subjects. Approximately 15.4 % of the sample in this study had positive EAT-26 scores, with 19 % of the female population and 2.3 % of the male population displaying characteristics of disordered eating. These scores are similar to scores demonstrated in previous studies at BGSU in 1998, 1999, 2004, and 2006. Study results also showed that students with positive EAT-26 scores, when compared to those with regular scores, had a tendency to consume fewer total calories and measured nutrients (folate, calcium, and iron); however only the calories consumed were significantly different between the groups. Approximately 43.28 % of the study population consumed less than two - thirds of the DRI for total calories, and 62.18%, 47.76 %, and 49.75 % of the participants consumed less than two-thirds of the DRI for folate, calcium and iron respectively. iii The results indicated that students with disordered eating scores had higher depression scores, and also higher self-efficacy scores than those with healthy eating scores. The information gathered from the current study may be useful in determining the effectiveness of nutrition programs and also to develop and improve nutrition policies and strategies to address eating problems. iv This thesis is dedicated to my husband, Dr. Pierce Anderson Paul, and my children, Sely – Ann Ayiesha Headley, Colwyn Ansel Headley, Pedanderson Ansil Paul, Pierre Anderson Paul. v
Bibliographical Information:

Advisor:

School:Bowling Green State University

School Location:USA - Ohio

Source Type:Master's Thesis

Keywords:eating disorders college students

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