Assessment of risk factors for stress fractures and future osteoporosis in female collegiate cross country runners
The purpose of this study was to investigate female cross country runners' risk factors for stress
fractures and future osteoporosis. Subjects for this study consisted of 16 female collegiate cross
country runners (M = 19.9 years, SD = 1.54) at a Division III university. A nutrition assessment
consisting of a 3-day food record and measurements of height, weight, and heel bone density
using a Sahara Clinical Bone Sonometer was conducted on each athlete. Each athlete was also
asked several questions relating to factors that affect bone health including her ethnicity,
menstrual history, and use ofmedications including supplements and birth control.
This study found that essentially all of the female cross country runners in this study are
from a high risk gender and ethnic group. This study revealed that 43.25% of the cross country
runners had risk factors for osteoporosis based on their weight and dietary calcium intake.
Twenty-five percent of the cross country runners experienced menstrual dysfunction in the past
year which is a risk factor for stress fractures and osteoporosis. This study also revealed that all
of thc cross country runners in this study had a normal heel bone mineral density T-score and
that 81.25% ofthc cross country runners took a multivitamin and mineral supplement at least
some of the time which may help a number of the cross country runners meet the recommended
calcium intake and help protect against osteoporosis.
In conclusion, it appears that nutrition education in regards to bene health would be
beneficial for this population because early detection of risk factors can lead to early treatment
which may aid in improving cross country runners' performances and health.
The Graduate School
University of Wisconsin Stout
School:University of Wisconsin-Eau Claire
School Location:USA - Wisconsin
Source Type:Master's Thesis
Keywords:cross country running women track and field athletes osteoporosis bones stress fractures orthopedics
Date of Publication: