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Assessment of arsenate bioavailability in iron-rich environments: development of a high-pressure liquid chromatography method of quanitification for arsenate sorbed by Fe3+-substituted chelating resins in arsenic-bearing ferrihydrite suspensions

by Roberts, Melissa Delane

Abstract (Summary)
Given that the mobility, bioavailability, and toxicity of arsenate in natural systems is often controlled by the strong binding capacity of iron oxyhydroxides, the objective of this study was to document the interactions of Dowex M4195 Fe3+-substituted chelating resins (a potential fieldbased tool for the quantification of potential arsenate bioavailability) and arsenic-bearing ferrihydrite (AFH) as a function of suspension pH, suspension concentration, and background electrolyte concentration. In 0.5 g AFH/L (0.001 M NaNO3) suspensions, arsenate sorption to the resins was proportional to the degree of acidification of the AFH suspensions by the resins. H+-enhanced dissolution of ferrihydrite artificially increased the arsenate in solution, causing a consistent overestimation of potential arsenate bioavailability. Resin-induced acidification was decreased with increasing suspension concentration. Arsenate sorption to the resins in 0.5 g/L suspensions at pH 8 decreased with increasing NaNO3 concentrations, reflecting the decreasing activity of arsenate under these conditions. The results of this study indicate that the high buffer capacity of natural soils would prevent acidification as a result of resin introduction. Thus, Dowex M4195 Fe3+-substituted chelating resins should provide a reasonable assessment of potential arsenate bioavailability from poorly-crystalline iron oxide minerals. Possibly more importantly, Dowex M4195 Fe3+-substituted chelating resins appear to be a new choice of passive equilibrium sampling device that should work well for the determination of bioavailable arsenate concentrations in the field.
Bibliographical Information:

Advisor:Herbert, Bruce E.; Grossman, Ethan; Loeppert, Richard H.

School:Texas A&M University

School Location:USA - Texas

Source Type:Master's Thesis

Keywords:arsenic ferrihydrite

ISBN:

Date of Publication:08/29/2005

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