Assessing the Diurnal Cycle of Surface Energy and Water Fluxes in an Irrigated Agricultural field using an Hydrological Model
The diurnal variation of water and energy fluxes at the land surface is important to
understand the diurnal cycle of photosynthesis, moisture and temperature at surface and
deeper soil layers, especially during the growing season. The objective of the paper is to
characterize the diurnal cycle of surface water and energy fluxes during the growing season of
a corn in an irrigated agricultural field. The paper aims to study the response of the landsurface
to observed atmospheric forcing at Citra, Florida, using a 1D column implementation
of an existing land surface hydrology model.
The observational data are analyzed first, including a careful analysis of physical
consistency and measurement error. Particular emphasis is placed on the steps taken to
evaluate and improve the quality of the two key physical forcing for the model: observed
precipitation and radiation forcing. Simulations of energy fluxes, soil moisture and soil
temperature from the model are compared against observations at fifteen minute time scales.
The model is able to reproduce diurnal variability of the soil moisture and temperature in
response to applied forcing. Root mean square error for soil moisture is calculated to be 0.033
m^3/m^3, 0.04 m^3/m^3, and 0.005 m^3/m^3 for superficial, middle and deeper layers respectively. A
sensitivity study is conducted to investigate model behavior by changing thermal diffusivity
and hydraulic diffusivity (not specified in the observation data), while keeping all other
boundary conditions and physical forcing constant in the model. As opposed to previous
applications with the model (at larger field scales and not for agricultural fields), it was found
that thermal diffusivity and hydraulic diffusivity have a strong impact on the partitioning of
the surface energy fluxes, especially in the case of thermal diffusivity with regard to diurnal
variation of deep soil temperature.
Advisor:Barros, Ana P.
School Location:USA - North Carolina
Source Type:Master's Thesis
Keywords:surface water energy agriculture citra florida
Date of Publication:05/01/2007