Antigenerkennung während unterschiedlicher Stadien der Helicobacter pylori-Infektion
The present study is concerned with practicable methods of detecting Helicobacter pylori and comparing them. As a precondition, a precise knowledge of the proteins of Helicobacter is necessary. To this end the humoral immune response of Helicobacter pylori was analysed by using the method of two-dimensional immuno blots. First, the proteins of each autologous Helicobacter pylori strain were separated by two-dimensional electrophoresis, then blotted onto nitrocellulose membranes and eventually detected by using antibodies from autologous plasma and antibodies taken from the overflow of in vitro cultivated autologous biopsy material. For determining a Helicobacter infection various invasive and non-invasive tests were carried out. In a prospective study on more than 200 patients with gastrointestianal disorders but unknown H. pylori status were consecutively tested. At each gastroscopy two bioptic specimen each were taken from the antrum and from the corpus region in order to determine the H. pylori status. Associations were assessed between Helicobacter pylori infections and manifestations such as acute or chronic gastritis, gastric or duodenal ulcers, gastric carcinoma and gastritis induced disorders. In the process, clearly Helicobacter pylori negative sera were also compared with positive sera. Inspite of the unequal distribution of numbers of patients over different groups of disorders (gastritis, ulcers, carcinoma) certain proteins were only detected in connection with one group of disorder. Several of the protein spots only occurred in a single group of disorders. More studies will be necessary using greater numbers of patients within each group of diseases in order to analyse and verify associations between Helicobacter antigenes and other disorders. Further, evidences of an association between two-dimensional immunoblots and other invasive and non-invasive methods of assessing H. pylori were analysed with regard to respective antigene profiles, qualitatively as well as quantitatively. Based upon the presented characterizations and identifications of an unusually great number of Helicobacter proteins the probability is thus increased considerably with regard to improved screening methods towards protective vaccine candidates.
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School:Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin
Source Type:Master's Thesis
Keywords:Antigen Gastrointestinal disorders Proteome analysis Two-dimensional electrophoresis Vaccine candidates WL 7090
Date of Publication:08/01/2005