Analysis of accidents and injuries of construction equipment operators [electronic resource] /
Abstract (Summary)Background-Safety continues to be one of the toughest challenges of the construction industry. The construction equipment operators referred here as heavy equipment operators are the class that operates a variety of heavy construction equipment. They perform diverse tasks and hence have the potential to be exposed to different types of injuries. Objective - To analyze the previous occurrences of accidents recorded by OSHA and verify the causation factors by means of a field study. The second objective is to check if the observed group is ergonomically safe. Method - OSHA has maintained a systematic record of accidents of equipment operators in the IMIS database (Integrated Management Information Systems) in the form of short summaries. The accident summaries are compiled and graphs are plotted to establish specific patterns in the occurrences of accidents. A group of construction equipment operators was observed on a construction site with the help of a checklist and Rapid Upper Limb Assessment (RULA) template to identify the accident causing practices followed and check if the amount of physical load imposed is within allowable range as stated by RULA tables. Results - The analysis showed that more than 50% accidents are a result of human error. The other causation factors observed were environmental interference, equipment breakdown and failure to comply with safety standards by the employer. The ergonomic evaluation showed that the group requires further investigation and immediate modifications in the working conditions. Conclusions - Intensive employee training, regular safety feedback and mandatory use of Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) are recommended to improve the safety of construction equipment operators. Modifications in the operator's seat are recommended to reduce the threat of excessive physical loads.
School:University of Cincinnati
School Location:USA - Ohio
Source Type:Master's Thesis
Keywords:university of cincinnati
Date of Publication: