Analysis of Security Conditions of Dam Castanhão Based in Instrumentation
The Castanhão Dam, located in the Alto Santo District in the State of Ceará, requires continuous performance and monitoring ,in order to monitor its behavior and performance and check if these meet with design assumptions and are inside of the acceptable safety conditions. The main objective of this research is to analyze the results of the periodic measurements in piezometers and foundation drains installed in the concrete dam, and comparison of foundation flow with of flow simulations. An analysis of the uplift behavior was performers by plotting design uplift distributions and the resulting seepage flow drainage holes, by make comparisons between the existing literature and the simulations were made using the software GEOSLOPE(SEEP/W). The data used in this work were based upon readings from 16 Casagrande piezometers and 151 drainage holes that measured: the coefficient of permeability of foundation soils and the height of the water level upstream and downstream of the reservoir. From this data the uplift distributions were drawn and the foundation flow simulated. With respect to the uplift, the dam showed satisfactory behavior, with one extreme case that was still inside the project?s safety limits. The infiltration flow, in general, was showed inside acceptable limits, however drainage hole 111 exhibited flow above the limits, therefore the monitoring team should be always in state of alert. Five sceneries were proposed for the simulations, where the principal variable was the value of the coefficient of permeability. Four of these five sceneries can be compared with the real data of seepage, however in 50% of the cases, differences in theses values from 0,5 to 1,5 due to generalization of the adopted coefficient of permeability.
Advisor:Marco Aurélio Holanda de Castro; Carísia Carvalho Gomes; Thomas Paul Ballestero
School:Universidade Federal do Ceará
Source Type:Master's Thesis
Date of Publication:03/17/2008