Alfredo Bryce Echenique desde una perspectiva lúdica: De Un mundo para Julius al diptico Cuaderno de navegación en un sillón Voltaire
The play element in Alfredo Bryce Echenique’s narrative work has provoked a radical change to Peruvian literature, both at the narrative as well as at the discourse level, breaking all patterns imposed by the traditional realism that characterized the Peruvian literature until the 60’s. This dissertation studies the play element in three main narrative works of the Peruvian writer Alfredo Bryce Echenique: Un mundo para Julius, and the diptych Cuadernos de navegación en un sillón Voltaire, which includes two novels La vida exagerada de Martín Romaña y El hombre que hablaba de Octavia de Cádiz. As the theory of play is profuse, diverse and in some instances exceeds the literary world, in this dissertation I include those theories that are applicable to Bryce Echenique’s work. Thus, on chapter one I analyze Johan Huizinga’s approach on the nature and significance of play presented in Homo Ludens; Susan Stewart and the concepts of “common sense” and “nonsense”; as well as Jacques Derrida’s theoretical work on play in literature. In the second chapter I present a panoramic view of Latin American literature through the perspective of play. This comprehensive assessment provides a profile of Latin American literature, that in my opinion is fundamental to the study of play. It also details the role that Bryce Echenique’s narrative work has within the world of play in Latin American literature. Further, I examine the literary evolution of Alfredo Bryce Echenique’s narrative work and I highlight the factors that significantly influenced the course of his literary production. In the third chapter I analyze the three novels mentioned previously through the perspective of the play elements presented by Huizinga. In addition, I apply and penetrate the concepts of “common sense” and “non-sense” introduced by Susan Stewart, to determine the way in which Bryce Echenique’s work responds to this theory. In the fourth chapter I study Bryce Echenique’s novels from the perspective of Derrida’s work on play: “transgression of structures.” I examine as well, the rupture of the language and the narrative structure of each novel. I conclude that in the works of Alfredo Bryce Echenique the rupture of the common sense and the transgression of structures are constant, therefore the discourse abandons its linear, organized and logical tendencies that are seen in the traditional literature. As a result, the language is liberated and numerous voices appear in the discourse expressing simultaneously different intentions. Humor, irony, parody and the game between reality and fiction break the solemnity of the narration, creating a unique way of writing.
School:University of Cincinnati
School Location:USA - Ohio
Source Type:Master's Thesis
Keywords:peruvian literature latin america 20th century bryce echenique play
Date of Publication:01/01/2002