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Aerodynamic, infrared extinction and tribocharing properties of nanostructured and conventional particles

by Castro Pjesky, Susana

Abstract (Summary)
Nanostructured particles possess unique chemical and physical properties, making them

excellent candidates for air purification, smoke clearing, and obscuration. This research was

conducted to investigate the aerodynamic, charging, and infrared (IR) extinction properties of

nanostructured particles. Specific objectives were to: (1) measure the size distribution and

concentration of aerosolized nanostructured particles; (2) evaluate their IR extinction properties;

(3) determine their relative chargeability; and (4) numerically model their transport in enclosed

rooms.

The size distribution and concentration of two nanostructured particles (NanoActive®

MgO and MgO plus) were measured in an enclosed room. The particles differed in size

distribution and concentration; for example, the geometric mean diameters of NanoActive®

MgO and MgO plus were 3.12 and 11.1 [Mu]m, respectively.

The potential of nanostructured particles as IR obscurants was determined and compared

with other particles. Four groups of particles were considered: nanostructured particles

(NanoActive® MgO plus, MgO, TiO[subscript2]); nanorods (MgO, TiO[subscript2]); conventional particles (NaHCO[subscript3]

and ISO fine test dust); and common obscurants (brass, graphite, carbon black). The extinction

coefficients of the nanostructured particles were generally significantly smaller than those of the

other particles. Graphite flakes had the greatest mass extinction coefficient (3.22 m[superscript2]/g), followed

by carbon black (1.72 m[superscript2]/g), and brass flakes (1.57 m[superscript2]/g). Brass flakes had the greatest volume

extinction coefficient (1.64 m[superscript2]/cc), followed by NaHCO[subscript3] (0.93 m[superscript2]/cc), and ISO fine test dust

(0.91 m[superscript2]/cc).

The relative chargeability of nanostructured particles was also investigated. Selected

particles were passed through a Teflon tribocharger and their net charge-to-mass ratios were

measured. Tribocharging was able to charge the particles; however, the resulting charge was

generally small. NanoActive® TiO[subscript2] gained the highest net charge-to-mass ratio (1.21 mC/kg)

followed by NanoActive® MgO (0.81 mC/kg) and ISO fine test dust (0.66 mC/kg).

The transport of NanoActive® MgO plus and hollow glass spheres in an enclosed room

was simulated by implementing the discrete phase model of FLUENT. In terms of mass

concentrations, there was reasonable agreement between predicted and measured values for

hollow glass spheres but not for NanoActive® MgO plus. In terms of number concentration,

there was large discrepancy between predicted and measured values for both particles.

Bibliographical Information:

Advisor:

School:Kansas State University

School Location:USA - Kansas

Source Type:Master's Thesis

Keywords:nanostructured particles particle size distribution infrared extinction coefficient obscurant tribocharging transport aerodynamic properties engineering agricultural 0539 environmental 0775 sciences 0768

ISBN:

Date of Publication:01/01/2008

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