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Adaptive semi-soft handoff for cellular IP networks

by Nurvitadhi, Eriko

Abstract (Summary)
Rapid advances in wireless networking have led to more mobile phones,

PDAs, and other digital mobile devices becoming ubiquitously connected to the

Internet. As the demand of delay sensitive real-time applications for these portable

devices increases, providing seamless connectivity to wireless networks becomes a

critical issue. For this reason, a number of micro-mobility protocols, such as

Cellular IP, have been proposed to complement the Mobile IP protocol. However,

providing fast and reliable handoff is still a major obstacle to enabling seamless

micro-mobility in wireless access networks.

Cellular IP semi-soft handoff has been proposed to address such challenge.

Evaluations have been performed which show that semi-soft handoff yields better

performance than the conventional hard handoff. However, these studies are based

on symmetrical network topologies and loads. In practice, network topology varies and the network load fluctuates depending on numerous parameters (e.g., number

of mobile nodes, amount of traffic in the network, etc.). Semi-soft handoff uses

fixed delay device and semi-soft delay values for stream synchronization and

mobile host’s tune-in timing. Such scheme may work well for the evaluated

symmetrical setup. However, this will not be the case with unbalanced and

dynamically changing networks, as what are typically found in real life.

This paper describes a novel adaptive protocol (Adaptive-SS), which is

proposed as an extension to the current Cellular IP semi-soft handoff protocol to

address such issue by assigning delay device and semi-soft delay values

dynamically based on the present network condition. The simulation results show

that Adaptive-SS significantly reduces network traffic and packet losses and

duplications during handoff, while still minimizing handoff latency.

Bibliographical Information:

Advisor:Lee, Ben

School:Oregon State University

School Location:USA - Oregon

Source Type:Master's Thesis

Keywords:wireless communication systems mobile

ISBN:

Date of Publication:06/11/2004

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