Details

1.Treatment of 2-Ethyl Hexanol in an air stream by a pilot-scale Biotrickling Filters. 2.Treatment of gaseous VOC emissions from a resin manufacturing plant by a full-scale Biotrickling Filters.

by Chen, Liang-Chi

Abstract (Summary)
The subject of this thesis is divided into two parts: (1) Treatment of 2-ethyl hexanol (2-EH) in an air stream by a pilot-scale biotrickling filter, and (2) Treatment of gaseous VOC emissions from a resin manufacturing plant by a full-scale biotrickling filter. Treatment of 2-Ethyl Hexanol in An Air Stream by A Pilot-Scale Biotrickling Filter 2-Ethyl Hexanol (2-EH) may release from the thermal breakdown of di-isooctyl phthalate (DOP), a commonly-used plasticizer, in the curing stage when manufacturing PVC synthetic leather and gloves. This paper reports the results of studies using a biotrickling filter (BTF) with blast-furnace slag packings (sizes = 2-4 cm and specific surface area = 120 m2/m3) for treatment of 2-EH in an air stream. The experimental setup consisted of a set of two-stage-in-series biotrickling filters. Each stage of the biotrickling filter was constructed from a 19.5-cm x 200-cm (ID x H) acrylic column packed with slags of 125 cm in height. The operation started with the conditions of recirculation liquid pH = 8.0 and rate (VL) = 8.83 m3/m2.h, a steady nutrient (ammonia nitrogen and phosphate phosphorus) addition, and without a special microbial seeding. Results indicate that, yellowish-brown biofilms on the surface of packing slags could be observed in one week and well developed in two weeks after the start-up operation. The effects of volumetric 2-EH loading (L) and superficial gas velocity (U0) on the 2-EH elimination capacity (K) and the removal efficiency (K/L) were tested. Long-term experimental results show that, in the conditions of influent 2-EH concentration C0 = 250 mg/m3, U0 = 162 m3/m2.h, and gas empty-bed-retention time EBRT = 55 s, K/L could be correlated by the equation K/L = 71.9/(72.4+L) with a correlation coefficient (R) of 0.9988. The 2-EH elimination rate was mass-transfer controlled when L<16 g/m3.h and reaction-controlled when L>16 g/m3.h. Results also indicate that nutrient addition and liquid recirculation were important for the normal operation of the BTF in eliminating the influent 2-EH. Treatment of Gaseous VOC Emissions from A Resin-Manufacturing Plant by A Full-Scale Biotrickling Filter A resin and chemical company located in Tainan County, Taiwan engages in the manufacture of PU (poly urethane), PVAC (poly vinyl acetate), PS (poly styrene), and PMMA (poly methyl methacrylate) resins from various chemical stocks. Gaseous volatile organic compounds (VOCs) emitted from the reactors include toluene, methyl ethyl ketone (MEK), acetone, vinyl chloride, styrene, butyl acetate, 2-ethyl hydroxyl acetate, and methyl methacrylate. These VOCs should be properly eliminated before discharging the reactor vents to the atmosphere. This paper reports the performance results of using a biotrickling filter (BTF) with wood packings (sizes = 2-12 cm and specific surface area = 97 m2/m3) for treating the reactor vents with a total flowrate of 80 m3/min at 20-30¢J. The BTF was constructed from a 7.0 m x 6.0 m (ID x H) SUS 304 column with wood packings of 4.0 m in height. The operation started with the conditions of recirculation liquid pH = 7.0-8.0 and rate (VL) = 1.56 m3/m2.h, a steady nutrient (urea and phosphate phosphorus) addition, and without a special microbial seeding. Results indicate that, yellowish-brown biofilms on the surface of packings could be observed in one week and well developed in two weeks after the start-up operation. Long-term operation results show that, in the conditions of influent VOC concentration C0 = 200-10000 ppm (expressed in terms of methane), U0 = 125 m3/m2.h, and gas empty-bed-retention time EBRT = 115 s, K/L could be correlated by the equation K/L = 345/(467+L) with a correlation coefficient (R) of 0.9913. The VOC elimination rate was mass-transfer limited when L<45 g/m3.h, with the mass of VOCs expressed as that of methane. Results also indicate that the liquid recirculation might be interrupted for a hour without influencing the performance. Toluene was the most difficult one to eliminate among the VOCs in the gas stream.
Bibliographical Information:

Advisor:richard Horng; Lei Yang; Ming-Muh Kao; Ming-Shean Chou

School:National Sun Yat-Sen University

School Location:China - Taiwan

Source Type:Master's Thesis

Keywords:voc emission biotrickling filter 2 ethyl hexanol

ISBN:

Date of Publication:07/05/2000

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