by Light, Kai Man

Abstract (Summary)
(Uncorrected OCR) Abstract of a thesis entitled: "Historiography of Hu Sanxing (12301302)" submitted by LIGHT Kai Man for the degree of Master of Philosophy at the University of Hong Kong in DECEMBER 1998.

Hu Sanxing (1230-13 02), was born at the end of Song Dynasty (* WJ). He was versed in the study of Zizhi Tongjian (jf iliill! iEi) written by Sima Guang (El,~ 7'6).

He discovered that there were many errors in the foot notes of Zizhi Tong/ian written by scholars. In an attempt to point out these errors, he made suggestions to amend them with full explanations and wrote Zizhi Tong;ian Yinzhu (jirf:l:iflHl\'iiifti). Through foot notes and explanations, he took the

opportunity to-express his personal views, political thoughts, scholastic views and geographical verifications.

In order to complete his book, he traveled all over the country to collect rare books as reference materials. Eventually he wrote two books: Zizhi Tongjian Guangzhu (Jfili~~)JH.t) and Zizhi Tongjian FanJj(~rf:l~~fL{fIJ).

In 1276, Mongolians attacked and occupied Linan (~3().The area east of Zhejiang (mTII) was in a state of great chaos. He took refuge to Xinchang (~ ?). On his way, he lost all his scripts and he had to rewrite them. In 1285, his book Zizhi Tong/ian Yinzhu was completed.

This thesis contains of seven chapters:

Chapter I - In this chapter, I give a full description OB. the family background of Hu Sanxing: his parentage, ancestors, date and place of birth, personal particulars, education and working experience, his official posts and publications.

Chapter II - This chapter deals with his scholastic achievement, the characteristics of'literature in Eastern Zhijiang Zhedong Xueshu (#Jf*~Vig) and the reflection of the literature, characteristics and thoughts as appeared in his book: Zizhi Tongjian Yinzhu.

Chapter III - This chapter was on. the philosophy of Chunqiu (~pring and Autumn Annals, lft'c). In the Song Dynasty the study of the philosophy of Chunqiu was quite popular. I attempt to explain its development and essential characteristics.

Chapter IV - This chapter describes Hu Sanxing's views on the "Yimin" (~ ~) of the Song Dynasty. In his books, it can be seen how he remembered the Song Dynasty and how he paid tribute to the Song people who resisted foreign aggression and eventually were opposed to oppression and slavery.

I also elaborate on his Opposltron to the Song people's fighting among themselves, and confrontation between people of different beliefs. He hated traitors, Song officials who surrendered to the Mongolians, the eunuchs and royal family members of the Song Dynasty who were responsible for the fall of the Dynasty.

Chapter V - This chapter deals with Hu Sanxing's analysis on the mistakes in a book called Zizhi Tongjian Shiwei (Ji 1'i:HfjH~~ Jt) written by Shi Chao (3i: ;tg). In. this chapter I explain how Hu Sanxing pointed out Shi Chao's mistakes with geographical evidence for the benefit of later readers.

Chapter VI - This chapter describes critical views by Hu Sanxing on historical events. It explains how Hu promoted the thoughts on Confucianism, benevolent government, social welfare, ethics and discipline. Hu taught people live peacefully. There should be harmony between father and son and between brothers. Masters should treat their domestic servants with kindness and fairness. People should pay attention to their personal conduct. They should be thrifty, modest and should not make enemies. Successful people should be courteous and make way for their successors.

Chapter VII - This chapter deals with mistakes made by Hu Sanxing in his analysis of history, mistakes made by his predecessors and mistakes made by Sima Guang himself in his original Zizhi Tong/ian.

In conclusion, from Hu Sanxing's analysis on Zizhi Tongjian, it can be seen that he was a patriotic historian.

Bibliographical Information:


School:The University of Hong Kong

School Location:China - Hong Kong SAR

Source Type:Master's Thesis

Keywords:hu sanxing 1230 1302 historians china biography


Date of Publication:01/01/1999

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